Sihanoukville / Cambodia
Sihanoukville, Cambodia’s only deep water port in the Gulf of Thailand, had around 38 000 residents in 2007. The peninsula has a considerable economic potential based on the contradictory assets represented by the oil industry and tourism. To avoid the risk of disorganised and speculative urbanisation, a development strategy has been sketched out along the 40 km² coastal plain lying between the airport and the city. Rather than fritter away the land and allow refineries to be built overlooking the beaches, a balanced development has been planned based on tourism, fishing, and small businesses (clothing, canneries...). The master plan proposes a development chronology and organises an urban structure able to combine with the local hydrology. To preserve the assets of this vulnerable site which suffers from the deforestation of the hills and rising sea levels, the scenario aims to achieve a number of minimal options : densities, themes, green / blue grids and, above all, a travel strategy based on a city planning to introduce prioritised traffic lanes. The intention is to promote a development method rather than simply produce yet another boom town.